Zambia, the state which doesn't have an outlet to the sea in the South central Africa, by the size approximately is one tenth more, than the State of Texas. It borders on Angola, Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia. The most part of the country is occupied by lowlands which tower on 8000 foots (2434 m) in the east.Form of government
Ancient people lived in modern Zambia from one to two million years ago. Today the country almost completely consists from a bow - the lingual people. In 1889 the founder of the empire Cecil Rhodes got from the king Levanik from Barotse permission to mining industry and soon after that sent settlers to this region. Up to 1924 the territory was under the power of the British Southern African company which was created by Rhodes until the British government took over control.
From 1953 to 1964 Northern Rhodesia was united with Southern Rhodesia (nowadays Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (nowadays Malawi) in Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. On October 24, 1964 Northern Rhodesia became the independent state of Zambia.
Kenneth Kaunda, the first president, held Zambia within the British Commonwealth of Nations. The national economy depending on copper export was under the threat when Rhodesia declared the independence of the British board in 1965 and threw down a challenge to sanctions of the UN which were supported by Zambia that as a result deprived Zambia of its trade route through Rhodesia. In 1966 the USA, Great Britain and Canada organized the air bridge for supply of gasoline to Zambia.