The United Kingdom consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland) and Northern Ireland, is twice more by the size, than the State of New York. England located in southeast part of the British Isles in the north is separated from Scotland by granite mountains Sheviot, from them the Peninsky chain stretches to the south through the center of England, reaching the highest point in the Lake-land in the northwest of the country. In the West along border of Wales (the earth of cool hills and valleys) the Cambrian Mountains while Kotsuolds, the chain of hills in the County of Gloucestershire, extends to the counties surrounding it are located.
The important rivers flowing into the North Sea are the Thames, Humber, the Yew and Secrets. In the West the rivers Severn and Wye which flow into Bristol Bay flow and Mercy and Raybl are navigable, also as well as the rivers.Form of government
The United Kingdom is constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy together with the queen and parliament which consists of two chambers.
Chambers of lords with 574 lifelong peers, 92 hereditary peers both 26 bishops, and the House of Commons which consists of 651 members elected by the people. The Supreme legislature belongs to parliament which governs within five years if doesn't break up quicker. The chamber of lords lost the most part of the power in 1911, and now its main function consists in revision of the legislation. In November, 1999 hundreds of hereditary peers in attempt to make the state more democratic were expelled. Executive power of a crown is carried out by the Cabinet headed by the prime minister.
England existed as a unit, since 10th century. The union between England and Wales which began in 1284 according to Rudlan's statute started working in a formal and official framework only in 1536 according to the Act of the Union. After signing of other Act of the Union in 1707 England and Scotland agreed to unite forever to Great Britain. In 1801 the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland with adoption of the name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was carried out. The Anglo-Irish contract of 1921 formalized the section of Ireland; six districts of Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland, and in 1927 the current name of the country - the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was accepted.History
Stonehenge and other examples of prehistoric culture is everything that remained from the first residents of Great Britain. They were followed by the Celtic people. The Roman invasions in the 1st century BC led Great Britain to contact with continental Europe. When the Roman legions left the country in the 5th century AD, Great Britain became an easy mark for invasion of hordes of angl, saxophones and yut from Scandinavia and the Historical Netherlands. Invasions influenced the Celtic people of Wales and Scotland a little. Seven large Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were created, and the real British were compelled to get over to Wales and Scotland. Only in the 10th century the country, at last, united under the power of kings of Wessex. After Edward the Confessor's death in 1066 there was a dispute on the law of succession, and William, the duke of Normandy, intruded in England, having won against the Saxon king Harold II fight at Hastings the same year. As a result of the Norman gain the Norman-French legislation and feudalism was entered.