The United Arab Emirates located in east part of Arabian Peninsula stretch along part of the Gulf of Oman and the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. The country is equal by the size to the State of Maine. It borders on Saudi Arabia in the West and the South, on Qatar in the North and on Oman in the east. The most part of the earth is fruitless and sandy.Form of government
The federation created in 1971 from seven emirates known as the Contractual states includes Abu Dhabi (the biggest emirate), Dubai, Sharjah, Adzhman, to Fudzheyr, Ras-al-Haymu and Umm-al-Kayvayn. In addition to the federal president and the prime minister each emirate has a certain governor who exercises supervision of local authorities.History
Originally the territory was populated with seafarers who were turned into Islam in the 7th century. Later, Karamata - the sect adhering to other views created the powerful emirate, and its army won Mecca. After the emirate broke up, his people became pirates. Threatening sultanates of Muscat and Oman at the beginning of the 19th century, pirates provoked intervention of British who in 1820 forced to a partial truce, and in 1853 to the constant. Thus, that was called as the piracy coast, was renamed into the Contractual coast. British provided protection to nine Contractual states, but formally didn't turn them into the colonies.
In 1971 British left the Persian Gulf, and the Contractual states began to be called as federation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Two Contractual states, Bahrain and Oman, preferred not to enter federation, having reduced thereby number of the states to seven.
In 1994 the country signed with the USA the military agreement on defense, and also with France in 1995.
After acts of terrorism on September 11 in the USA, the United Arab Emirates were defined as the large financial center used by al-Qaeda for money transfer to robbers (two of robbers of that attack were citizens of the United Arab Emirates). The country at once began cooperation with the USA, having frozen the accounts assigned to suspects of terrorism and having resolutely taken money laundering under control.
The sheikh Zaid bin Sultan Al Nahayan, the founder of the United Arab Emirates and the governor of federation since 1971, died in November, 2004. His son became his successor. In January, 2006 the sheikh Maktoum bin Rasheed Al Maktoum, the prime minister of the United Arab Emirates and the emir of Dubai died. The crown prince sheikh Muhammad ibn Rasheed Al Maktoum assumed both roles.
By Burj Khalifa in Dubai it was finished in January, 2010 and I became the highest building in the world with height in 2716 foots (828 meters) and in 160 floors. It includes the fastest elevators in the world, 20,7 acres of glass, and for its operation are required about 250000 gallons of water a day.
|Abu Dhabi||Abu Dhabi|
|Al Ayn||Al Ayn|
|Al Fujayrah||Al Fujayrah|
|Khawr Fakkan||Khawr Fakkan|
|Ras Al Khaymah||Ras Al Khaymah|
|Umm Al Qaywayn||Umm Al Qaywayn|