The country located in southeast Europe consists generally of fertile chernozem steppes. Mountainous areas include the Carpathians in the southwest and the Crimean mountain system in the south. Ukraine borders on Belarus in the north, on Russia in the North and the East, on Moldova and Romania in the southwest, on Hungary, Slovakia and Poland in the West, and is washed by the Black Sea in the south.Form of government
Ukraine was known as "Kievan Rus'" (from which there is a name Russia) up to the 16th century. In the 9th century Kiev was the large political and cultural center of Eastern Europe. Kievan Rus' reached top of the power in the 10th century and accepted the Byzantine Christianity. The Mongolian gain in 1240 put an end to the Kiev power. From 13 to the 16th century Kiev was under the influence of Poland and Western Europe. In 1596 as a result of negotiations of the Brest-Lithuanian Union Ukrainians were divided into Orthodox Christians and into believers of the Ukrainian Greco-catholic church. In 1654 Ukraine asked for the tsar of Moskovia of the help in protection against Poland, and Pereyaslavskaya is glad, signed that year, recognized syuzerenitt Moscow. The agreement was apprehended by Moscow as the invitation to capture of Kiev, and the Ukrainian state was eventually attached to the Russian empire.
After the Russian revolution on January 28, 1918 Ukraine declared the independence of Russia that led to several years of war. The red Army, at last, won a victory over Kiev, and in 1920 Ukraine became the Soviet republic. In 1922 Ukraine became one of founders of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics. In 1930 coercion of the Soviet government to collectivization faced country resistance that in turn induced the Soviet power to confiscate grain from the Ukrainian peasants therefore because of hunger 5 million people were lost. Ukraine was one of the most affected republics of the USSR after World War II. (Is more detailed about World War II see the heading "History of World War II") on April 26, 1986 the nuclear power plant of the country in Chernobyl became a place of the most terrible nuclear accident in the world. On October 29, 1991 the Ukrainian parliament voted for a reactor stop during two-year term and asked international aid in its dismantle.
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