Uganda, twice big by the size, than the State of Pennsylvania, is located in East Africa. It borders on Congo in the West, on Sudan in the north, on Kenya in the east and on Tanzania and Rwanda in the south. The country which crosses the equator, is divided into three main areas - marshy lowlands, fertile plateaus with woody hills and a desert region. Lake Victoria is part of the southern border.Form of government
Multi-party democratic republic.History
About 500 BC - the lingual people migrated to this area which now is called as Uganda. In the 14th century in the territory three kingdoms - Buganda (that "the country of the people of Gand" means), Unyoro and Ankole prevailed. In 1844 Uganda was for the first time studied by Europeans, and also the Arab dealers. The Anglo-German agreement of 1890 said that the country will be in the British sphere of influence in Africa, and to the Imperial British East African company was granted permission for a development of the region. Financially the company didn't prosper, and in 1894 in the country the British protectorate was proclaimed. The few Europeans constantly lived in Uganda, but it attracted many Indians who played an important role in ugandiysky trade.
On October 9, 1962 Uganda found independence. Sir Edward Mutesa, Buganda (Mutes II'S) king, was elected the first president, and Milton Obote the first prime minister of the new independent country. By means of the young officer, the colonel Idi Amin, four years later the prime minister Obote took away control over the government from the president Mutesa.