Togo, being twice more by the size, than the State of Maryland, it is located on the southern coast of the Western Africa. It borders on Ghana in the West, from Burkina Faso in the North and on Benin in the east. The coastline of the Gulf of Guinea, lasting only 32 miles (51 km), is low and sandy. In Lome there is the unique port. Hills of Togo cross the central region.Form of government
The republic passing to the multi-party democratic form of government.History
The people Gur and KVA were the earliest of famous inhabitants of Togo. In the 14th century there were people to Eva, and behind them to Ania in the 18th century. Danes appropriated the earth in the 18th century, but by 1884 it turned into the German colony (Togolend). After World War I this territory was divided between British and French according to the mandate of League of the Nations and subsequently the UN territory was controlled as the ward. The British part voted for association with Ghana. The French part became the republic of what declared the independence on April 27, 1960.
The first democratically elected president Togo, Silvano Olimpius, was overthrown in 1963. He was shot and killed by the sergeant Etienne Eilladema while Togo tried to get over through walls of the American Embassy in search of a shelter. Nikolay Grunittski's government was overthrown as a result of bloodless revolution on January 13, 1967 which passed under the leadership of the lieutenant colonel Etienne Eilladem (nowadays the general Gnassingbe Eyadem). For a country government the Committee of national reconciliation was created, but in April Eyadema dismissed committee and held the president's post. He suspended the constitution, forbade political parties and created a cult of personality round the presidency; the official biography describes it as "Force of nature". Under pressure of the West in 1993 Eyadema legalized opposition parties, but the first multi-party presidential elections in August, 1993 (on which Eyadema earned more than 96% of voices) were declared roguish, also as well as his re-election in 1998. Eyadema died in February, 2005, he was the most dolgopravyashchy president of Africa (38 years). Next day after his death military led to a post of his son, Faure Gnassingbe, to serve his presidential sentence. Gnassingbe entered a position on February 7 against strong international condemnation. Under internal and external pressure at the end of Togo month Gnassingbe receded on a step backwards and agreed to elections which had to take place on April 24. Rough protests surrounded elections, and they increased when results were declared Gnassingbe earned 60% of voices while the major candidate from opposition Bob Akitani received 38%. On May 4 Gnassingbe was sworn in. In June Gnassingbe appointed the prime minister of the leader of opposition, the Eden Kodzho.
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