Congo is located in the West central Africa. Congo borders on Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Democratic the republic of Congo. On the area of Congo is three times more than Pennsylvania. The most part of the territory is the tropical rain woods.Form of government
In precolonial times the territory which now is called as the republic of Congo, was in the power of three kingdoms: Congo (approximately 1000), Loango (17th century), and Tio. After Portuguese defined location of the river Congo in 1482, at once there was a trade with tribes, especially a slave trade.
Frenchman Pierre Savornian de Brazza signed the agreement with Makoko, the governor Bateke, in 1880, and established the French control. With Gabon and Ubangi-Shari Congo became the French colony. Abuse of unskilled workers led to the public protest against the French colonialists and to revolt among Congolese, however operation of workers proceeded till 1930. During World War II the colony joined Chad in support of France against the government of Vichy. Congo declared the independence, without leaving the French Community, calling itself by the republic of Congo.
The second president of Congo, Alphonse Massamba-Deba, decided to pass to Marxist and Leninist to the government. In 1968 Marian Nguabi overthrew it, but held Congo on a socialist course. He was repeatedly elected in presidents for the second five-year term in 1975. On March 18, 1977 the landing and diversionary team in number of four people killed Nguabi. On April 4 the colonel Zhoakhy Yombi-Opango, the army chief of a staff, accepted presidency. Yombi-Opango retired on February 4, 1979 and was replaced by the colonel Denis Sassou-Nguesso.