The chain of the islands of Palau consists of about 200 islands located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, 528 miles (650 km) to the southeast from Philippines. Only eight of islands are constantly populated. They vary on a geological sign from the high, mountain, biggest island, Babeltuap, to low coral islands, as a rule, bordered with the Great Barrier Reefs.Form of government
The first settlers of Palau as believe, arrived from Indonesia at the beginning of 2500 BC. Position of the islands of Palau in the western part of Oceania and their proximity to Southeast Asia influenced formation of the mixed population from ancestors of Malayans, Melanesians, Filipinos and Polynesians.
Investigated by the Spanish seafarer Ruy Lopez de Villalobos in 1543, islands remained in nominal Spanish property on an extent more than 300 years before in 1899 Spain sold them to Germany. Japan occupied Palau during World War I and in 1920 received on them the mandate from League of the Nations. They remained under Japanese control and served as important naval base until the USA captured them during World War II. After war of the island of steel of the ward by the territory of the UN (1947) under the administration of the USA. In 1992 the island of Palau signed the agreement on free association with the USA, having demanded from the United States rendering the economic help in exchange for the right of construction and support of the American military constructions in Palau. Palau was become the sovereign state in 1994.
In 2000 the former vice-president Tommie Remengesau won presidential elections. At presidential elections in December, 2008 the former ambassador of Palau in Taiwan, Johnson Toribiong, bypassed the vice-president Elías Kamsek Chin, having earned 51% of voices against its 49%.