Pakistan is located in the western part of the Indian subcontinent. It borders on Afghanistan and Iran in the West, on India in the east and on the Arabian Sea in the south. The name Pakistan is derivative of words of Urdu - Pak (means - pure) and the Camp (means - the country). It is almost twice more by the size, than the State of California.
The northern and western mountain regions of Pakistan include high mountain chains Karakorum and Pamir which one of the highest peaks in the world are among: K2 (28250 foots, 8611 m) and Nanga-Parbat (26 660 foots, 8126 m). In the west of the country the Plateau Balochistan, and in the east - the Thar Desert and open spaces of alluvial plains, Punjab and Sind is located. 1609-kilometer (1000 miles) the river Indus and its inflows flow through all country from the region Kashmir, flowing into the Arabian Sea.Form of government
In October, 1999 the military board was created; in June, 2001 the ruling military leader, Pervez Musharraf, declared nominal democracy .History
Pakistan was one of the two first states successors of the British India which in 1947 was divided on religious signs. Within nearly 25 years after independence finding it consisted of two certain regions, East and Western Pakistan, but now it includes only the western sector. Both India, and Pakistan applied for the Kashmir region; this territorial dispute led to wars in 1949, 1965, 1971, 1999, and today and remains unresolved.
That now is Pakistan, in prehistoric times was the Indian civilization (about 2500-1700 BC). A great number of aggressors - Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Turks and others - operated the region for the closest several thousand years. Islam, the main religion, was entered in 711. In 1526 the earth became part of the empire of Great Moguls who governed mostly Indian subcontinent from the 16th century to the middle of the 18th eyelid. By 1857 British became the dominating force in the region. Along with the Hindus holding control over the majority of economic, social and political advantages the discontent of Muslim minority grew that in 1906 led to formation of nationalist Muslim league under the leadership of Muhammad Ali the Genie (1876-1949) . The league supported Great Britain during World War II while Hindu nationalist leaders, Nehru and Gandhi, refused participation in it. In exchange for support of England by league, counted the Genie on the British support in a question of a Muslim autonomy. In August, 1947 Britain agreed to formation of Pakistan as the certain state within the Commonwealth that became bitter disappointment of the Indian dream of the uniform subcontinent. The genie I became the governor general. Division of Pakistan and India according to the religious principle led to the largest migration in human history: about 17 million people ran through border in both directions to avoid attendants of violence on the religious soil.