The Netherlands located on the coast of the North Sea is twice more by the size, than the State of New Jersey. The Netherlands, part of the big plain of the North and West of Europe, have the maximum sizes of 190 by 160 miles (360 by 257 km), and generally the territory is low and flat, except for Limburga in the southeast where some hills rise to 322 m (1056 foots). About a half of the territory of the country is below sea-level that does the well-known Dutch dam necessary for effective use of the earth. Recently earth recultivation from the sea through dams proceeded. All drainage system reaches the North Sea, and the main rivers - Rhine, Maas (Meuse) and Scheldt - have the sources outside the country.Form of government
Julius Caesar found the low Netherlands when they were populated with the German tribes - Nerviya, Frisiya and Batavi. Batav didn't submit to the government of Rome on the Roman border to 13 g BC, and then only as allies.
Francs operated area from 4 to the 8th century, and in the 8th and 9th centuries it became part of the empire of Charles the Great. Later the territory passed to Burgundy and Austrian Gabsburgov and, at last, in the 16th century got under the Spanish dominion.
When Philip II, the king of Spain, suppressed a political freedom and the growing Protestant movement in the Netherlands, in 1568 revolt under the leadership of William of Orange burst. According to the Utrecht union (1579) seven northern provinces became the Connected provinces of the Netherlands. War between the Connected provinces and Spain proceeded and in the 17th century, but in 1648 Spain finally recognized the Dutch independence.
In 1602 the Dutch East Indian company was created, and by the end of the 17th eyelid Holland was one of the great sea and colonial powers of Europe.
Independence of the country was completely established only after Thirty years' war (1618-1648) when growth of the country as the commercial and sea power began. In 1688 the English parliament invited William of Orange, a shtatgalter, and his wife, Maria Stewart, for government of England as Wilhelm III and Mary II. Then William used the integrated resources of England and the Netherlands for the purpose of the beginning of war against France and Louis XIV. In 1814 all provinces of Holland and Belgium were united in one kingdom, but in 1830 the southern provinces broke away and created the Kingdom of Belgium. In 1848 in the Netherlands the liberal constitution was adopted. During World War I the country remained neutral.
|Almere Stad||Almere Stad|
|Den Haag||Den Haag|