Not having an outlet to the sea, the country of the size of Arkansas, is between India and the Tibetan Autonomous region of China. In Nepal there is Mount Everest (29,035 foots; 8,850 m), the highest mountain in the world.Form of government
In November, 1990 the king Birendra proclaimed the new constitution and entered multi-party parliamentary democracy in Nepal. Because of mass protests in April, 2006 the king Gyanendra broke off the instruction and restored Parliament which started fighting against reduction of the power of the king. In December, 2007 the Parliament voted for cancellation of a monarchy and transition to the federal democratic republic. Transition to the republic was finally complete in May, 2008.History
The first settlers in Nepal who appeared in the 6th centuries BC settled down in fertile Kathmandu Valley where and to this day there is a capital of Nepal. In this region the prince of Siddhartha Gautama built century 563 BC of Gautama and generated the Buddhism.
The early Buddhism conceded to Hinduism, reflecting the increased influence of India.
The kingdom Nepal was united in 1768 by the king of Prithvi Narayan Shah who ran away from India after a gain of the subcontinent of Moghul. At Shah and its successors, borders of Nepal extended far to the west to Kashmir and is so far to the Far East to Sikkim (now is part of India). In 1792 the agreement with Great Britain and once again in 1816 after over a year military operations with British the East Indian company was signed.
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