Lebanon is on east end of the Mediterranean Sea, to the North from Israel and to the West from Syria. The area of Lebanon makes approximately the four fifth Connecticut. The mountains of Lebanon which go parallel to the western coast, cover the most part of the country. The valley Bekaa is the main agricultural area.Form of government
After World War I of France gave to League of the Nations the mandate to Lebanon and its neighbor Syria which was political unit in the Ottoman Empire earlier. France divided them in 1920 into separate colonial parts, having drawn line which separated, mainly, Muslim Syria from religious communities in Lebanon where Maronite Christians were then dominating. After 20 years of the French regime, on November 26, 1941 Lebanon was declared by the independent country.
According to the informal National Contract, various religious communities were presented in the government: Maronite Christian president, prime minister Sunni Muslim and Shiite speaker of national assembly. This agreement worked within two decades.
The civil war which broke out in 1958 with Muslim fractions led by Kamal Dzhumblat and Saib Salam who rose against the Lebanese government headed by the president Kamil Shamun because of too close connection with the West. At the request of Shamun the president Eisenhower, sent on July 15 the American troops to restore the power of the government.
|Ras Bayrut||Ras Bayrut|