The country which doesn't have an outlet to the sea in Southeast Asia occupying northwest part of the Indochina peninsula, Laos it is surrounded with China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Burma. Laos is twice more than Pennsylvania. Laos - the mountainous country, especially in the north where peaks reach height of 9,000 foots (2,800 m). The dense woods cover northern and east areas. The Mekong River which forms border with Burma and Thailand, flows through the country throughout 932 miles (1,500 km).Form of government
The Laotian people migrated to Laos from the southern China in the 8th centuries BC. In the 14th century the first Laotian state was founded. The kingdom Lansang operated Laos, didn't break up into three certain kingdoms in 1713 yet. Within the 18th century these three kingdoms were under Siamese board and, in 1893, became the French protectorate. The strong nationalist movement flashed during World War II, however France restored control and in 1946 and made the king of Luang Prabang the constitutional monarch of all Laos. France provided to Laos a semi-autonomy in 1949, and then and full independence within the French Union in 1950.
In 1951 the prince Sufanuvong organized Patiet Lao - the communistic movement for independence in Northern Vietnam. The Vietnamese forces of Ho Chi Minh and Patiet Lao's strength intruded in the central Laos and led to a civil war. According to the Geneva accord in 1954, two northern areas were given to Patiet Lao. The full sovereignty received Laos on December 29, 1957 thanks to the Parisian agreement. In 1957 the prince Suvana Fuma, the royal prime minister, and the leader Patiet Lao prince Sufanuvong, the half brother of the prime minister entered royal army. In 1959 the agreement was cancelled, and armed conflicts were started over again.
In 1960 war of three princes began. And only in 1961 the truce was established and three princes agreed to the coalition government headed Suvana Fuma.
|Ban Phonsavan||Ban Phonsavan|
|Muang Pakxan||Muang Pakxan|
|Muang Vangviang||Muang Vangviang|
|Muang Xai||Muang Xai|
|Xam Nua||Xam Nua|