Kiribati, consists of 4 groups of southwest Pacific islands: Gilbert's archipelago on the equator, Phoenix Islands in the east both the Line Islands in the east, and the island of Banaba. The majority of the islands of Kiribati - the low coral atolls surrounded with reeves.Form of government
Kiribati were for the first time populated with avstroneziyets long before the 1st century of our era, fidzhiyets and tonganets arrived about the 14th century and subsequently united with older groups, and created mikroneziysky society Kiribati. Islands were for the first time open the British and American courts at 18-19 centuries. In 1837 there arrived the first British settlers. Islands became the British colony in 1915-1916. Atholl Kiritimati became part of a colony in 1919; in 1937 Phoenix Islands were added.
The islands of Tarawa were completely occupied with war with Japan during World War II. Tarawa became one of the most bloody places of battle in the American history. The Gilbert Islands and the Ellis Islands (now Tuvalu) were separated in 1975 and transferred to Great Britain to self-government. On July 12, 1979 Kiribati became independent.