The Middle Eastern Kingdom Jordan borders in the West on Israel and the Dead Sea, on Syria, in the east on Iraq in the north, and in the south on Saudi Arabia. It is comparable by the sizes with the State of Indiana. Droughty hills and mountains make the most part of the country. The southern part of the Jordan River proceeds through all country.Form of government
Hereditary constitutional monarchy.History
In bible times the country which is called Jordan now, included the States of Edom, Moab, Ammon, and Vasan. Together with other territories of the Middle East Jordan in turn took over Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and about 330 g BC, it selevkida ruled. The conflict between selevkida and Ptolemaeus gave the chance speaking the Arabic language набатеям to create a kingdom in the southeast of Jordan. In 106 BC it became part of the Roman province of Arabia and in 633-636 was won by Arabs. In the 16th century Jordan submitted to the Ottoman Turkish Empire and was controlled from Damascus. Jordan which is taken away from Turks by British in World War I, in 1920 (earlier known as Transjordan) was separated from the Palestinian mandate, and in 1921 over it Abdallakh ibn Hussein began to dominate.
In 1923 Great Britain recognized independence of Jordan according to the mandate. In 1946 in gratitude for loyalty of Jordan in World War II, Britain cancelled the mandate. This part of Palestine occupied by troops of Jordan was officially included in structure by the Jordanian parliament in 1950. The king Abdalla was killed in 1951. His son Talal who was mentally sick, was dethroned next year. Talal's son, Hussein who was born on November 14, 1935 became his successor.
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