Jamaica - the island in West Indies 90 miles long (145 km) to the South from Cuba and 100 miles long (161 km) to the West from Haiti. Jamaica is a little less than Connecticut. The island consists of the coastal lowland, limestone and the Blue Mountains, group of volcanic hills in the east.Form of government
Constitutional parliamentary democracy.History
Jamaica was populated with Indians the Arawak when Columbus investigated it in 1494 and named it St. Iago. In 1655 Jamaica became the British possession. Because of numerous diseases of Arawaks, black slaves were taken out from the island for work on sugar plantations. Within the 17th and 18th centuries of British frequent attacks Maronov, the armed groups of the slaves wandering about rural areas exhausted. Cancellation of a slave trade (1807), emancipation of slaves (1833), and decrease of the sugar prices eventually led to revolt in 1865. Further Jamaica became the British colony, and conditions considerably improved. After introduction to food of bananas sharp dependence on sugar decreased.
On May 5, 1953 Jamaica received an internal autonomy and in 1958 headed the organization of Federation of West Indies. The leading nationalist, sir Alexander Bastement, carried out campaign for an exit from federation later. After a referendum on August 6, 1962 Jamaica became independent. In 1972 Michael Manley from socialist People's National party, became prime minister.
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