This Central European country is equal by the sizes with the State of Indiana. The main part of Hungary are the fertile, hilly plains located to the East from the Danube River; the country is washed by the rivers of the Yew and Danube. In the extreme northwest there is a Small Hungarian plain, and to the South from this area - the lake Balaton (250 sq. miles; 648 sq.km).Form of government
Till 14th year BC. The western Hungary was part of provinces of the Roman Empire - Pannoniya and Dacia. East area of the Danube River was never part of the Roman Empire, on it various German and Asian people substantially prevailed. In 896 all Hungary was captured by Magyars who soon founded the kingdom. During Stephen I's board (Saint Stephane) in 977-1038 the Christianity was accepted. In 1241 a half of the population of Hungary at destructive invasion of Mongols was killed. The peak of the medieval power during the great period of Hungary came during Louis I Veliqui's board (1342-1382) whose possession concerned the Baltic, Black and Mediterranean seas. War with Turks burst in 1389, and on an extent more than 100 years Turks dominated over the Balkans. When Turks crushed the Hungarian army in 1526, the western and northern Hungary accepted Habsburg board for the purpose of avoidance of the Turkish occupation. At board of the Hungarian princes Transylvania became independent. Periodic war with Turks was waged before signing of the peace treaty in 1699.
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