Located on the Atlantic coast in the most western Africa and surrounded with three parties Senegal, Gambia is twice more than Delaware. The river of Gambia about 200 miles long (322 km) flows into Atlantic.Form of government
Since the 13th century of Wolof, Malinke and the people of Fulani located in Gambia. Portuguese were the first European researchers who faced the River of Gambia in 1455, and in 1681, French based Albredabut pioneer settlement. Within the 17th century Gambia turned into the country of dealers. The slavery was the main source of the income before it was cancelled in 1807. Gambia became the British colony in 1843 and the independent country within the Commonwealth of the Countries on February 18, 1965. Full independence was approved on a referendum of 1970, and on April 24 the same year Gambia declared itself the republic.
With 1970 to 1994 Dauda Kairaba Jawara was the president of Gambia. The military coup headed by the captain Yahya Jammeh overthrew Dauda Kairaba Jawara in July, 1994, completely replaced the constitution and dismissed the existing political parties. Jammeh promised new elections which were held in September, 1996 and which he won having collected 55% of votes. In 1997 it returned the country to civil board, and in 2001 it withdrew a ban from opposition parties. Censorship of the press and other repressive measures led the country to democracy. In December, 2004 Gambia adopted the law mass media which allows the state to imprison the journalists found guilty of slander and mutiny. In September at presidential elections, the acting Yahya Jammeh was elected for the third term, having collected 72% of votes, Ousainou Darboe of 17% and Hamat Here of 11% with a 83% voter turnout.