France makes about 80% of the size of the State of Texas. In the Alps near the Italian and Swiss borders there is the highest point of Western Europe - Mont Blanc (15781 foots, 4810 m). The Vosges covered with the wood of the mountain are located in the northeast, and the Pyrenees along border with Spain. Except for Far North France, the country can be described as four basins of the rivers and a plateau. Three of currents go down to the West – the river Seine to English Channel, Loire to the Atlantic Ocean, and Garon to the Bay of Biscay. The river Rhone flows to the south, flowing into the Mediterranean Sea. About 100 miles long (161 km), Rhine is eastern frontier of France. In the Mediterranean Sea, about 115 miles (185 km) to the East - the South East from Nice, are the island of Corsica (3367 sq. miles; 8721 sq.km).Form of government
Archeological excavations testify that France was constantly populated since a paleolith. Celts whom subsequently Romans called Gauls, migrated from the valley of Rhine that now is called as France. Approximately in 600 g BC, Greeks and Phoenicians created settlements along the Mediterranean Sea, especially in Marseille. Julius Caesar won part of Gallia at 57-52 BC, and it remained Roman until francs intruded in the 5th century AD.
The contract on Verdun (843) divided territories, meaning France, Germany and Italy, between three grandsons of Charles the Great. Karl Lysy inherited the West Franksky kingdom which became a feudal kingdom. In 987 the crown passed to Gugo Kapet, the princeling who controlled only Ile-de-France, area round Paris. For 350 years the continuous line Kapetingov increased his possession and strengthened the royalty to the introduction in 1328 of Philip VI, the first of Valois's line. France was then the most powerful country in Europe with the population in 15 million people.