Finland is three times more than Ohio. In big degree the territory is set with trees and contains thousands of lakes of the numerous rivers and big bogs. Except for small mountain area the northwest, the country is low less than 600 foots (180 m) above sea level. In the southwest to a poberezha it is populated with Swedes of the Island of Åland (581 quarter miles; 1,505 sq.km).Form of government
The first residents of Finland was people of Sami. When the Finnish speakers migrated to Finland in the first the millennium BC, Sami were compelled to move to the North to the Arctic with which they are neighbors. Repeated attacks of Finns on the Scandinavian coast induced Eric IX, the Swedish king, to win the country in 1157.
By 1809 all Finland was won by Alexander I who made Finland the great duchy. The period of Russification (1809-1914) made in Finland Russian official. When Russia was captured by March Revolution 1917, Finland took an opportunity, and declared independence on December 6, 1917.
The USSR attacked Finland on November 30, 1939 after Finland refused to recognize the Soviet territorial requirements. Finns organized strong protection and within three months kept the territory, but then gave up. Under the German pressure Finns joined nazis against Russia in 1941, but again were won again conceded the Petsamo USSR area. In 1948 the agreement concerning friendship and mutual aid was signed between two countries.
The first presidential elections in February, 1994 were won by Martti Ahtisaari, the social democrat. Finland became the member of the European Union in January, 1995. On January 1, 1999 Finland, along with ten other European countries, accepted euro as the currency. In 2000 Tarja Halonen which was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland, became her first president the woman.