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Fiji

Geography

Fiji consists of 332 islands in the southwest Pacific Ocean about 1,960 miles long (3,152 km). Only 110 from these islands are populated. The biggest are Viti Levu (the area of 4,109 quarter miles; 10,642 sq.km) and Vanua Levu (area of 2,242 quarter miles; 5,807 sq.km).

Form of government

Republic.

History

With Fiji it was populated in the second the millennia BC It was opened by Dutches and British in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1874 heads of Fiji made concessions and were declared by the British Corona's possession. In the 1880th large-scale cultivation of a sugar cane began. In the next 40 years more than 60,000 slaves from India were transported to the island to work at plantations. To 1920 contract it was broken off. Race conflict became the main problem between Indians and local fidzhiyets.

On October 10, 1970 Fiji became independent. In October, 1987 the general Cityveni Rabuka organized revolution to prevent seizure of power by Indians. The military coup caused mass flight of thousands of fidzhiyets of the Indian origin.

The new constitution which came into force in July, 1998, provided the multinational power and prospect of the coalition government. The previous constitution guaranteed domination to ethnic fidzhiyets. In 1999 the first ethnic Indian prime minister of Fiji, Mayendr Chaudhry, held the post.


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List of top cities of Fiji (2)

City Picture Info Page
Nadi Nadi Nadi
Suva Suva Suva