Djibouti is in northeast Africa on Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. Borders on Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. The country, of the size of Massachusetts, is, by and large, the stone desert with the mountain district.Form of government
The republic with unicameral legislature.History
Immigrants from Arabia migrated in Djibouti approximately in the 3rd century BC, their descendants - Afars were one of two main ethnic groups which make Djibouti today. Islam appeared approximately in the 825th century BC.
Were bought Djibouti by France in 1843 thanks to the agreement with the Somali sultans. Malenkiya, the droughty, and sparsely populated country was is interesting to France only because of the port and the railroad Djibouti-Addis Ababa which transports 60% of foreign trade of Ethiopia. Originally known as the French Somaliland, a colony I voted remaining at the French board. On June 27, 1977 France transferred the sovereignty to the new independent country of Djibouti. On September 4, 1992 voters approved new multi-party party on a referendum. In 1991 the conflict between Afars and the government in which Issa dominate burst, and long war which ruined the country began.
The dictatorial president, Hassan Gouled Aptidon who operated the country since its independence, at last conceded presidency in 1999 to Ismail Omar Guelleh. In March, 2000 the main group of rebels of Afars signed the peace agreement with the government. Fight, a severe drought and presence of tens of thousands of refugees from Ethiopia and Somalia undermined agricultural activity of Djibouti.