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Denmark

Geography

The smallest of the Scandinavian countries (size of a half of Maine), Denmark occupies low area of the peninsula Jutland. Some islands in the Baltic Sea also are a part of Denmark: Fyn, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm.

Form of government

Constitutional monarchy.

History

To 1500 BC the population of modern Denmark consisted generally of hunters, fishermen and farmers.

In the 10th century the country was converted to Christianity by Saint Ansger and Harald Blatand (Bluetooth) — the first Christian king. Harald's son, Svein, won England in 1013. The son Sveina, Canute Veliky who governed with 1014 to 1035, united Denmark, England and Norway; the southern part of Sweden was part of Denmark till the 17th century.

In 1282 noblemen won the Big Charter, and Eric V was compelled to divide the power with parliament and Council of Noblemen. Waldemar IV (1340–1375) restored the Danish power, thanks to the Hanseatic union of the northern German cities connected by ports from Holland to Poland. Denmark, Norway and Sweden united at board of his daughter Margaret in 1397. However in 1523 Sweden became autonomous and gained independence at Gustavus I.

Denmark supported Napoleon because of whom further it was punished on the Vienna congress in 1815, having lost Norway to Sweden. In 1864 Prussians under Bismarck and the Austrians waged war with Denmark, it was the first step in reunification of Germany. Denmark was neutral during World War I.


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List of top cities of Denmark (10)

City Picture Info Page
Aalborg Aalborg Aalborg
Arhus Arhus Arhus
Copenhagen Copenhagen Copenhagen
Esbjerg Esbjerg Esbjerg
Frederiksberg Frederiksberg Frederiksberg
Horsens Horsens Horsens
Kolding Kolding Kolding
Odense Odense Odense
Randers Randers Randers
Vejle Vejle Vejle