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Canada

Geography

Canada occupies the most part of the North American continent with an area much surpassing the USA. In the east borders on the coastline of the Gulf of St Lawrence. St Lawrence's plain, covers the most part of the southern Quebec and Ontario, and the internal continental plain covers the southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and the most part of Alberta which are the main areas, suitable for processing.

Towards the West of the Pacific Ocean, the most part of British Columbia, Yukon and the western Alberta's part are covered with parallel mountain chains, including the Rocky Mountains. The highest point in Canada - Mount Logan (19,850 foots; 6,050 m) which is in Yukon. Two main river systems - Mackenzie and St Lawrence. St Lawrence, with his inflows, is navigable and stretches more than for 1,900 miles (3,058 km).

Form of government

Canada - federation of ten areas (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Saskatchewan) and three territories (The North-West Territories, Yukon and Nunavut). Formally operated by a monarchy, Canada has the own House of Commons.

History

The first residents of Canada were the primordial Indian people, first of all Inuits (Eskimos). The Norwegian researcher Leif Eriksson, reached coast of Canada (the Labrador or Nova Scotia) in 1000, however history of Canada began actually in 1497 when John Cabot, the Italian who was on service of Henry VII reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. Canada was taken by France in 1534 Jacques Cartier. Real settling of New France as it was called then, began in 1604 in Port Grand piano that now call Nova Scotia; in 1608 Quebec was founded. Because of valuable fishery and trade in fur in 1713 there was a conflict between French and British and Newfoundland, Hudson Bay and Nova Scotia (Akadiya) were won by England. During Seven years' war (1756-1763), England expanded the possession thanks to the British general James Wolfe who won the most known victory over the General Louis Montkelm outside Quebec on September 13, 1759.


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List of top cities of Canada (10)

City Picture Info Page
Calgary Calgary Calgary
Edmonton Edmonton Edmonton
Mississauga Mississauga Mississauga
Montreal Montreal Montreal
North York North York North York
Ottawa Ottawa Ottawa
Quebec Quebec Quebec
Toronto Toronto Toronto
Vancouver Vancouver Vancouver
Winnipeg Winnipeg Winnipeg