Located on the Indochina peninsula, Cambodia borders on Thailand and Laos in the North and Vietnam in the east and the South. Of the size of Missouri, the country consists generally of the big plains surrounded with mountains and the Mekong River in the east. The lake Tonle Sap is the natural basin of Cambodia.Form of government
Multi-party liberal democracy under constitutional monarchy.History
The territory which is Cambodia now, was under board of Khmers of about 600 years. During board of khemer who were Hindus, the magnificent Angkor complex was constructed. The Buddhism was entered in the 12th century during board of Jayavaram VII. However, the kingdom known as Kambuja, fell into poverty during Dzhayavaram's domination and was almost destroyed by Thai and Vietnamese aggressors. The power of Cambodia didn't change till 1863 while France didn't colonize Cambodia, having attached it to Laos and Vietnam in the only protectorate known as the French Indochina.
French quickly usurped ceremonial powers of the monarch, Norodom. When he died in 1904, French handed a throne to his brother Sizouot. Sizouot and his son operated till 1941. After World War II Cambodians tried to become independent, but France didn't want to leave the colony. Cambodia was given independence only within the French Union in 1949. French-Indochina war gave opportunity to Sihanouk to receive complete military control over the country, however he refused in 1955 in favor of the parents. And only when his father in 1960 died, Sihanouk became head of state. In 1963 during war in Vietnam he in every way tried to keep a neutrality.
However, Northern Vietnamese and troops of Vyetkonga started using east Cambodia as the basis, from where undertook a number of approaches to the Southern Vietnam, doing to more and more impossible to remain to Cambodia out of war. The local communistic guerrilla movement known as Red Khmers, also started putting pressure upon the government in Phnom Penh. On March 18, 1970, while Sihanouk was abroad, the anti-Vietnamese disorders flashed, and Sihanouk was overthrown by the General Lon Nol. The Vietnamese peace agreement of 1973 provided withdrawal of troops of foreign forces from Cambodia, however war proceeded between insurgents and troops of the USA.
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|Phnom Penh||Phnom Penh|