The most part of Belarus (earlier Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR, and then Belarus) represents the hilly lowland with the woods, bogs and the numerous rivers and lakes. Also there are wide rivers flowing in Baltic and the Black Sea. Its woods occupy more than one third of the earth, and its peat bogs are a valuable natural resource. The largest lake is Naroch, 31 sq. miles (79,6 sq.km).Form of government
In the 5th century of our era Belarus (also known as White Russia) was colonized by East Slavic tribes. Kiev held control over the country from 9 to the 12th century. After destruction of Kiev by Mongols in the 13th century, the territory was won by princes Lithuanian, but it could keep an autonomy. Belarus was a part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania which united with Poland in 1569. After divisions of Poland in 1772, 1793 and 1795 when Poland was divided between Russia, Prussia and Austria, Belarus became part of the Russian empire.
After World War I Belarus proclaimed itself the republic in March, 1918, but soon it was occupied by Red army. The Soviet-Polish war of 1918-1921 was waged for the purpose of the solution of destiny of Belarus. The western Belarus was attached to Poland; most east part created Belarusian the Soviet Socialist Republic, and then was attached to the USSR in 1922. In 1939 the Soviet Union took away the Western Belarus from Poland according to the confidential protocol of the Nazi and Soviet non-aggression pact and included it in the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic. Occupied by nazis in World War II, Belarus was one of the most affected zones of the conflict.
When in 1986 the Chernobyl NPP in Ukraine blew up, 70% of radioactive fallout were necessary on Belarusian to the Soviet Socialist Republic. As result cancer and other diseases at the population were increased greatly.