Barbados representing the island in the Atlantic Ocean approximately at distance in 300 miles (483 km) to the North from Venezuela makes only 21 miles in length (34 km) and 14 miles in width (23 km) in its widest place. It is surrounded with fine beaches and narrow coastal plains. The highest point is the mountain Hillabi (1105 foots; 337 m) in the North central region.Form of government
Barbados as believe, was originally populated with aravaksky Indians. However by then, as Europeans investigated the island, it was uninhabited. Portuguese were the first Europeans who stepped into the island, but in 1627 British the first created colonies there. Colonists started growing up tobacco and cotton, but by 1640 they passed to sugar which was extremely profitable. From Africa slaves for work on sugar plantations were brought, and finally 90% of the population occupied the black. In 1816 revolt of slaves took place; the slavery was cancelled in the British Empire in 1834.
Barbados was an administrative staff of the Leeward Islands until in 1885 I became a separate colony. From 1958 to 1962 Barbados was a federated member of West Indies. On November 30, 1966 Great Britain provided to a colony independence, and it became parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth.
From the moment of independence finding Barbados remained politically stable. In May, 2003 the prime minister Artur won the third term. At parliamentary elections in January, 2008 the Democratic party of work won 20 of 30 places. The former junior Minister of Finance David Thompson held the prime minister's post.